Questions About Turkey


Turkey is one of the world’s most popular travel destinations, welcoming more than 37 million visitors every year. Fairy Chimneys Travel has extensive knowledge of this fascinating nation and the allure of its many well (and lesser) known attractions.

This page includes details many people find helpful when planning their travel to Turkey. More information about this captivating destination is available on our FAQ page.

Facts & Figures

Area: 780,000 sq km (as big as NSW)
Highest Point: Mt Ararat (5165 m)
Capital: Ankara
  • approx 73 million
  • Istanbul 13 million
  • Ankara 4.5 million
  • Izmir 3.8 million
  • About one third of Turks are under 15 years old and less than 5% are over 65.
Language: Turkish,
English is studied as second language and 90% of people in the travel industry speak fluent English.
Religion: Secular State, however 98% of Turks are Sunni Muslim 2% are Orthodox, Catholic or Protestant Christians and Jews
Time: Turkish Standard Time is 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (AEST ‐8).
The clock moves forward one hour in summer (Apr‐Oct) to GMT +3.
Currency: Turkish Lira (YTL)
Today’s AUD/YTL rate is but please check again just before you travel.
Weights and Measures: Metric.
Electricity: 220 volts AC. Two‐pronged round plug.


Turkey is a vast country of landscapes both diverse and spectacular. Uniquely positioned, both politically and geographically, between East and West the influences of surrounding neighbours make Turkey truly unique. Bordered by Greece and Bulgaria in the northwest, Iran, Armenia, Georgia to the east and Iraq and Syria to the southeast, the total size of Turkey is roughly equivalent to NSW.

Istanbul skyline, don't miss on your tour around Turkey

Turkey is positioned across two continents with 3% of its landmass in Europe and 97% in Asia. The two continents are divided by the straits of Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles in the northwest of the county. To the north lies the Black Sea, to the south the Mediterranean, and to the West the Aegean.

There is approximately 8,000 km of coastline, ranging from the thriving Mediterranean resorts with their temperate climate perfect for yachting and swimming. The mountainous Black sea coast is lush, green, mild and damp ‐ a spectacular place to hike and see Turkey’s natural wonders from dizzying heights. 80% of Turkey is 500m (1,640 ft) or more above sea level.


Here are the most common Frequently Asked Questions about traveling to Turkey.

About Turkey and Fairy Chimneys Travel

Travel documents and luggage

Health Requirements

Currency, Money & Tipping

Driving in Turkey

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